• 1991
  • Fatima Jibrell founds the Horn of Africa Relief and Development Organization in Connecticut, USA.

    1991 timeline


  • 1998
  • Now known simply as Horn Relief, we begin our flagship Pastoral Youth Leadership Program in the Sanaag Region, known then as the Buran Rural Institute. The first class has 41 boys and 24 girls.


  • 2001
  • We hold our first Camel Caravan in Somalia. Twenty young people walk for three weeks with nomadic pastoralists to learn about the environment, animal and human health, and peacemaking.

    camel caravan


  • 2002
  • The Puntland Government bans the export of charcoal in response to our founder Fatima Jibrell’s advocacy campaign. Fatima Jibrell wins the international Goldman Environmental Prize in recognition of her leadership in creating a social and environmental movement in Somalia, including her role in banning the charcoal trade.


  • 2003
  • Degan Ali joins the organization as Deputy Director. We help implement the first large-scale cash program in Somalia. Degan Ali develops our cash-transfer training curriculum to educate internal staff and partner agencies.


  • 2005
  • We begin to emerge as a Southern Non-Governmental Organization (SNGO), attracting new donors and growing our funding base.


  • 2006
  • We begin working in Lower Juba, South Somalia and are one of the first INGOs to establish a presence there following takeover by the Islamic Courts Union. Fatima Jibrell retires and Degan Ali takes over as the Executive Director.

    Degan timeline


  • 2007
  • We publish a cash transfer implementation manual, which builds on our cash expertise. After years of training our partners, we begin offering external cash transfer trainings to the humanitarian community.

    cash transfer


  • 2008
  • Founder Fatima Jibrell receives international acclaim by winning the National Geographic/Buffet Award for Leadership in African Conservation.

    fatima headsht timeline

    We create the Somalia Cash Based Response Working Group, a technical body to foster dialogue on cash transfers in Somalia among humanitarian workers.


  • 2010
  • Recognized as an authority in pastoralist education, we hold a Camel Caravan Conference in Nairobi for Somalia education stakeholders.

    Camel Caravan Report-Read Here

    We begin our first program in Kenya – the Emergency Livelihoods Recovery Intervention, which is a 12-month initiative funded by USAID and launched in Garissa County in Northeastern Kenya.



  • 2011
  • We begin our first program outside the Horn of Africa, in South Sudan. The 12-month program is funded by USAID and aims to help returnees and host communities improve their livelihoods.



  • 2012
  • We celebrate our 20th-year anniversary and use this opportunity to change our name to Adeso to reflect our expansion outside the Horn of Africa, and our emphasis on development rather than simply relief work. 


    With funding from the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) and Feed the Future, we start implementing the Resilience and Economic Growth in the Arid Lands-Improving Resilience Project in Kenya (REGAL-IR). This five-year project targeting at least 558,000 people is being implemented in five counties in Northern Kenya, namely: Garissa, Isiolo, Marsabit, Turkana and Wajir.



  • 2013
  • With funding from the European Union, we launch our flagship environmental program in Somalia, ‘Your Environment Is Your Life.’ The four-year project seeks to reduce hunger and food insecurity by improving rangeland conditions in the Puntland State of Somalia.


  • 2014
  • Our Founder, Fatima Jibrell, is awarded the 2014 Champions of the Earth award for her tireless effort to protect Somalia’s fragile pastoral environment. The award is the United Nations’ flagship environment award that recognizes outstanding visionaries and leaders in the fields of policy, science, entrepreneurship and civil society action.